In 2013, to celebrate the eightieth birthday of Prof. T.C. Smout, Historiographer Royal in Scotland and patron of the ISHR, the founder of the ISHR, Prof. Roger Mason, launched the T.C. Smout Lecture in Scottish History.
‘Geographies of the Prime Meridian: Ruling the World – from St Andrews, Paris, Washington…’
The Prime Meridian is the point at which the world’s longitude is set at 0 – the calculative origin for measurement of the world’s time and space. Since 1884, we have had only one Prime Meridian, at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. Before then – but also for a long time afterwards – numerous different prime meridians were at work in the world. Astronomers used different observed prime meridians from the measured prime meridians employed by geographers; navigators might use one, several or none in determining their position on the high seas. Different countries used more than one: eighteenth-century France had two – Ferro in the Canaries, and Paris; the United States continued to use two (Washington and Greenwich) for decades after 1884. The result, world-wide, as one eighteenth-century commentator put it, was ‘geographical confusion’. This richly-illustrated lecture examines why and where different prime meridians were employed and to what end: it is a story of the history and geography of science, of competing forms of measurement, of personal animus, national rivalry and international geopolitics.
Professor Charles Withers is Ogilvie Chair in Geography at the University of Edinburgh and Geographer Royal for Scotland. He was educated at the Universities of St Andrews and Cambridge and has been at Edinburgh since 1994. His research interests focus on the historical geographies of science; exploration, instrumentation and publication; the geography of the Enlightenment; and the history of cartography. His books include Geography, Science and National Identity: Scotland since 1520 (Cambridge 2001); Placing the Enlightenment: Thinking Geographically about the Age of Reason (Chicago 2007); Travels into Print (Chicago 2015), Zero Degrees (Harvard, 2017) and, in more popular vein, Scotland: Mapping the Nation (2011) and Scotland: Mapping the Islands (2016) (co-authored with Chris Fleet and Margaret Wilkes).
The lecture is open to the public and will be followed by a wine reception.
‘The Scotching of British History in the Nineteenth Century, or how a Scot (con)founded the Royal Historical Society’
The speaker for the fifth annual TC Smout lecture is Dr Catriona MacDonald, Reader in Late Modern Scottish History and Co-director of the Centre for Scottish and Celtic Studies at the University of Glasgow, is a former editor of the Scottish Historical Review and one of the leading historians of modern Scotland. She is the author of a number of acclaimed books on the social and political history of nineteenth and twentieth century Scotland, including the Saltire Scottish History Book of the year (2010), Whaur Extremes Meet. Her recent publications address both Scottish literature and historiography, and she is currently working on a monograph on the history of Scottish history since 1832.
In her lecture, Dr MacDonald focuses on the life and controversial career of Scotsman (and son of the manse of Dunino in Fife), Charles Rogers (1825-1890), the principal founder of the Royal Historical Society. She identifies the roots of the Society in the traditions of Scottish associational culture and examines the consequences of Rogers’ ultimate debacle for the future character of British History and its institutions. In so doing, she raises important questions about the intellectual limits of Unionist nationalism, the commercial opportunities borne of a new popular print culture, and the long shadows cast by reputation over Victorian Scottish men of letters.
The Deputy Principal, Prof Gary Taylor, will take the chair. The lecture is open to the public and will be followed by a wine reception.
Sir George Mackenzie and The Stuarts
The fourth annual TC Smout lecture was delivered by Dr Clare Jackson, Senior Tutor, Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge, at the University of St Andrews, 29 September 2016, at 5:30 pm. The lecture took place in the Arts Lecture Theatre, followed by a wine reception in the foyer.
Sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh (c.1636-91) would have been an energetic – if partisan – predecessor to Professor Christopher Smout as Historiographer Royal of Scotland. Popularly caricatured as ‘Bluidy Mackenzie’ in Covenanting legend, Mackenzie’s staunch defence of the Stuart dynasty underpinned his political theorising, histories of the Scottish nation and jurisprudential writings. But as this lecture illustrates, Mackenzie’s own relationship with his actual Stuart masters was more complex, and twice led to his relinquishing his post as King’s Advocate on grounds of conscience. Fearing assassination for his actions on the Stuart kings’ behalf, Mackenzie left Scotland in 1689, ruefully acknowledging that ‘My bigotry for the royal family and monarchy is and has been very troublesome to me.’
Dr Jackson has a particular interest in the politics of multiple monarchy in 17th-century Britain; her most recent publication is Charles II (2016) in the Penguin Monarchs series. She is also the author of Restoration Scotland, 1660-1690: Royalist politics, religion and ideas (2003), and over twenty articles on aspects of early modern British history. She has been a regular contributor to BBC Radio 4’s In our Time, and presented a three-part television series on The Stuarts for BBC2 in 2014, followed by a sequel, The Stuarts in Exile (2015).
The annual T. C. Smout lecture in Scottish History was delivered by Prof Sir Tom Devine on Thursday 8 October at 7pm in the Arts Lecture Theatre. Entitled ‘Scotland and Slavery: Amnesia and Denial,’ the lecture endeavored to resolve a historical puzzle:
The international Scotland and Slavery Project reveals in great detail the full extent of the nation’s involvement at all levels of the Atlantic slave systems between the mid seventeenth and early nineteenth centuries (the results are published in T. M. Devine (ed.), Recovering Scotland’s Slavery Past (Edinburgh University Press, 2015)). Yet until the last decade or so Scottish academic history, creative literature and public discourse were virtually silent on this controversial subject. When it was occasionally broached, the assumption was that Scots had little to do with chattel slavery. That nefarious business was essentially seen to be the preserve and monopoly of the English, and especially of the ports of Bristol, Liverpool and London. This lecture will seek explanations for amnesia and denial over the long run from the end of slavery in the British empire in 1833 to the new research of more recent times which has served to demolish the old mythologies.
Professor Sir Tom Devine is Sir William Fraser Professor Emeritus of Scottish History and Palaeography in the University of Edinburgh. He previously held Chairs in Scottish History and Irish-Scottish Studies at Strathclyde and Aberdeen Universities respectively. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Honorary Member of the Royal Irish Academy and Fellow of the British Academy. He has been awarded several prizes and honorary degrees throughout his career, notably the Royal Gold Medal, Scotland’s supreme academic accolade, by HM The Queen on the recommendation of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His next book will be Independence or Union: Scotland’s Past and Scotland’s Present to be published by Allen Lane: The Penguin Press in April 2016. Tom Devine was knighted in 2014 ‘for services to the study of Scottish history’.
The 2014 T.C. Smout Lecture in Scottish History was delivered by Professor Christopher A. Whatley on ‘“Burns by an Englishman is impossible”: sculptors, statues and the contested memory of Robert Burns.’
Britain, it has been said, went ‘statue mad’ in the Victorian and Edwardian eras. In Scotland (and North America) numerous statues of Robert Burns were erected. Professor Whatley’s lecture explored the reasons for the surge of enthusiasm for permanent memorials of a poet who had died in 1796. What was also be revealed were the personal, ideological, and aesthetic tensions that characterized many of the statue building projects, and the furious – and frank – debates that followed as towns and sculptors vied with other to erect a fitting monument to the ‘Poet of the Scotch’ during a period of political reform, urban improvement and intensifying Scottish national sentiment.
Professor Whatley is Emeritus Professor in Scottish History at the University of Dundee, where until recently he was Vice-Principal. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and author of an acclaimed series of books and articles on modern Scottish history, notably Scottish Society, 1707-1830 : Beyond Jacobitism, Towards Industrialization (2000) and The Scots and the Union (2006; revd edn 2014).
The inaugural lecture was presented by Professor Fredrik Jonsson of the University of Chicago on “Enlightenment’s Frontier: the Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism.” The University Principal, Prof. Louise Richardson, took the chair. At the end of the lecture Prof. Smout gave an address.